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Dog Food Basics: Dry vs. Wet, Diet and Natural Foods

In an ideal world, all dog food would be created equal. Instead, dog owners are confronted with a dizzying assortment of products, all claiming to be the greatest dog food on the market. It can be difficult to sort through all of these options to select a dog food brand that is healthy, inexpensive, and appealing to your pet.


It is critical for dogs to eat a well-balanced diet. It keeps them healthy and happy. However, there is no specific formula for how frequently you feed your dog or what you put in their bowl. That's because each dog is unique.


Request that your veterinarian recommends the best food for your dog. You can, however, keep a few fundamental rules in mind when filling your dog's dish.


What Qualifies a Dog Food as "Good"?


Most people feed their pets dry kibble or canned wet food. These manufactured foods may not be appetizing to us, but they include all of the nutrients that dogs require to keep healthy. Quality commercial dog diets are strictly regulated and have undergone thorough testing by veterinary specialists. So, what precisely is in these dog foods?


Dogs, unlike cats, are not strict carnivores. While meat is the majority of their diet, domestic dogs can also acquire nutrition from cereals, fruits, and vegetables. These non-meat meals are more than just fillers; they can also be a good source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. A excellent dog meal will include meat, vegetables, grains, and fruits. The greatest dog foods contain high-quality versions of these components that are suitable for your dog's digestive system.


Nutrition of Dog Food


The ideal dog food for your canine companion should match his nutritional requirements. While most commercial dog food brands are particularly created to meet at least the basic nutritional requirements for dogs, it is vital to realize that not every dog has the same nutritional demands.


Over the course of their lives, dogs require a variety of nutrients in varying amounts. A puppy's nutritional demands differ from those of an adult dog, which is why feeding a puppy formula or an "all life stages" diet to your young dog is a good idea. Large breed dogs and puppies have different nutritional needs than small breed dogs and puppies.


Best Dry Dog Food


Dry dog food is the most widely available and affordable type of dog food. Dry dog food does not need to be refrigerated, which is its main advantage over wet dog food, as it comprises typically 90% dry matter and 10% water. This makes it simple to store. Dry dog food is created by mixing and heating ingredients such as meat and wheat. This method transforms the starches in the food into an easily digestible form while simultaneously eliminating contaminants and flash sterilizing the materials. Dry dog food comes in a wide range of flavors. The finest dry food for your dog is determined by his nutritional requirements. In general, a higher quality dry dog food with the necessary ingredients for your dog's life stage and breed is the best choice, but consult with your veterinarian or veterinary nutritionist about the healthiest option for your pet.


Best Wet Dog Food


Wet dog food, sometimes known as canned dog food, is a completely viable alternative to dry dog food. While slightly more expensive, moist dog food is more appetizing than dry food and can help boost the appetite of picky eaters. Wet dog food has many of the same ingredients as dry dog food, but not in the same quantities. Wet food comprises more fresh meat, poultry, fish, and animal byproducts, as well as more textured proteins derived from cereals. Canned dog food has a lengthy shelf life, but it must be refrigerated once opened. The best wet dog food for your dog, like the best dry dog food, is determined by your dog's life stage, breed, and any unique dietary demands or allergies. Consult your veterinarian about the wet dog food that he advises for your pet.


How much, and how frequently?


Puppies 6 months and younger should eat three to four times per day. At 6 months, kids can eat twice a day. When puppies reach adulthood, they can eat one or two meals each day, depending on how much exercise they get. What's the greatest approach to know what's best for your dog? Consult with your veterinarian.


The same is true for how much you put in their bowls. Klein suggests that you begin by following the serving size suggestions on the package of your dog's food. However, your vet may advise you on the appropriate amount based on their age, breed, and degree of exercise. A young border collie who plays and runs for the majority of the day may require a lot of food to keep them going, especially whether it's hot or cold outside. An aging Chihuahua who primarily lounges in your lap, on the other hand, definitely won't.


Can a Dog Be a Vegetarian?


Because not all vegetables are safe, converting your dog to vegetarianism will require some effort. Dogs, like humans, require a well-balanced diet, so you'll have to hunt for protein sources other than meat to feed them.


If it's vital to you, ask your vet how to do it correctly.


Table Scraps


Although there are some dishes from your plate that you can feed to your dog, you must exercise caution. Chocolate, fatty foods, chicken bones, moldy foods, salty snacks, and raw meat are all harmful to pets, according to the FDA. You should also avoid foods like grapes, raisins, and onions.


If you do treat your dog from the table, keep track of how much you're providing — items other than dog food should account for no more than 10% of their daily diet.


Choosing the Best Dog Food


It is ultimately up to you to decide what is the best dog food for your dog. As the owner, you are the one who sees your dog on a regular basis. If your dog has firm, healthy feces, is active and fit, and has a healthy appetite, your dog food is generally acceptable.


During this time, your veterinarian will be a helpful resource for you. They are more knowledgeable about pet nutrition than the ordinary owner, and they have access to research and resources that owners do not. Your vet can help you limit down your selections and should be happy to answer any questions you have about your dog's diet.

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